Many human activities depend on electricity. It enhances our quality of life and is crucial to the advancement of economic and social systems. Therefore, in light of the fact that fossil fuels are depleting quickly and their use is harming the planet, humanity is looking for workable solutions to accelerate the transition to a more sustainable future.
In the following decades, there will likely be a significant rise in global energy demand due to projected population growth. The U.S. Energy Information Administration projects that between 2018 and 2050, global energy consumption will increase by almost 50%. Universal access to electricity is a problem that our planet is currently confronting. It was estimated that 770 million people lacked access to electricity in 2019. These people need the right solution in order to have simple access to energy and raise their standard of living. Energy access would be advantageous for the economy, health, and academic aspirations.
Because of their predictable results and negligible negative effects on the environment, hydrokinetic energy systems have attracted more attention in recent years as a potential component of the worldwide energy solution. Since there is currently no hydrokinetic energy technology that can provide consistent, affordable electricity, this energy market has not yet begun to reach its potential. This study examines a novel hydrokinetic energy turbine technology that has the goal of generating electricity by the power of running water. This innovation was examined by means of field and numerical experiments and its potential viability was confirmed.